1And the Lord said to Moses,
2Send men to get knowledge about the land of Canaan, which I am giving to the children of Israel; from every tribe of their fathers you are to send a man, every one a chief among them.
3And Moses sent them from the waste land of Paran as the Lord gave orders, all of them men who were heads of the children of Israel.
4And these were their names: of the tribe of Reuben, Shammua, the son of Zaccur.
5Of the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat, the son of Hori.
6Of the tribe of Judah, Caleb, the son of Jephunneh.
7Of the tribe of Issachar, Igal, the son of Joseph.
8Of the tribe of Ephraim, Hoshea, the son of Nun.
9Of the tribe of Benjamin, Palti, the son of Raphu.
10Of the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel, the son of Sodi.
11Of the tribe of Joseph, that is of the family of Manasseh, Gaddi, the son of Susi.
12Of the tribe of Dan, Ammiel, the son of Gemalli.
13Of the tribe of Asher, Sethur, the son of Michael
14Of the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi, the son of Vophsi.
15Of the tribe of Gad, Gevel, the son of Machi.
16These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to get knowledge about the land. And Moses gave to Hoshea, the son of Nun, the name of Joshua.
17So Moses sent them to have a look at the land of Canaan, and said to them, Go up into the South and into the hill-country;
18And see what the land is like; and if the people living in it are strong or feeble, small or great in number;
19And what sort of land they are living in, if it is good or bad; and what their living-places are, tent-circles or walled towns;
20And if the land is fertile or poor, and if there is wood in it or not. And be of good heart, and come back with some of the produce of the land. Now it was the time when the first grapes were ready.
21So they went up and got a view of the land, from the waste land of Zin to Rehob, on the way to Hamath.
22They went up into the South and came to Hebron; and Ahiman and Sheshai and Talmai, the children of Anak, were living there. (Now the building of Hebron took place seven years before that of Zoan in Egypt.)
23And they came to the valley of Eshcol, and cutting down a vine-branch with its grapes, two of them took it on a rod between them; and they took some pomegranates and figs.
24That place was named the valley of Eshcol because of the grapes which the children of Israel took from there.
25At the end of forty days they came back from viewing the land.
26And they came back to Moses and Aaron and all the children of Israel, to Kadesh in the waste land of Paran; and gave an account to them and to all the people and let them see the produce of the land.
27And they said, We came to the land where you sent us, and truly it is flowing with milk and honey: and here is some of the produce of it.
28But the people living in the land are strong, and the towns are walled and very great; further, we saw the children of Anak there.
29And the Amalekites are in the South; and the Hittites and the Jebusites and the Amorites are living in the hill-country; and the Canaanites by the sea and by the side of Jordan.
30Then Caleb made signs to the people to keep quiet, and said to Moses, Let us go up straight away and take this land; for we are well able to overcome it.
31But the men who had gone up with him said, We are not able to go up against the people, for they are stronger than we.
32And they gave the children of Israel a bad account of the land they had been to see, saying, This land through which we went is a land causing destruction to those living in it; and all the people we saw there are men of more than common size.
33There we saw those great men, the sons of Anak, offspring of the Nephilim: and we seemed to ourselves no more than insects, and so we seemed to them.
1Then all the people gave load cries of grief, and all that night they gave themselves up to weeping.
2And all the children of Israel, crying out against Moses and Aaron, said, If only we had come to our death in the land of Egypt, or even in this waste land!
3Why is the Lord taking us into this land to come to our death by the sword? Our wives and our little ones will get into strange hands: would it not be better for us to go back to Egypt?
4And they said to one another, Let us make a captain over us, and go back to Egypt.
5Then Moses and Aaron went down on their faces before the meeting of the people.
6And Joshua, the son of Nun, and Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, two of those who had been to see the land, giving signs of grief,
7Said to all the children of Israel, This land which we went through to see is a very good land.
8And if the Lord has delight in us, he will take us into this land and give it to us, a land flowing with milk and honey.
9Only, do not go against the Lord or go in fear of the people of the land, for they will be our food; their strength has been taken from them and the Lord is with us: have no fear of them.
10But all the people said they were to be stoned. Then the glory of the Lord was seen in the Tent of meeting, before the eyes of all the children of Israel.
11And the Lord said to Moses, How long will this people have no respect for me? how long will they be without faith, in the face of all the signs I have done among them?
12I will send disease on them for their destruction, and take away their heritage, and I will make of you a nation greater and stronger than they.
13And Moses said to the Lord, Then it will come to the ears of the Egyptians; for by your power you took this people out from among them;
14And they will give the news to the people of this land: they have had word that you, Lord, are present with this people, letting yourself be seen face to face, and that your cloud is resting over them, and that you go before them in a pillar of cloud by day and in a pillar of fire by night.
15Now if you put to death all this people as one man, then the nations who have had word of your glory will say,
16Because the Lord was not able to take this people into the land which he made an oath to give them, he sent destruction on them in the waste land.
17So now, may my prayer come before you, and let the power of the Lord be great, as you said:
18The Lord is slow to wrath and great in mercy, overlooking wrongdoing and evil, and will not let wrongdoers go free; sending punishment on children for the sins of their fathers, to the third and fourth generation.
19May the sin of this people have forgiveness, in the measure of your great mercy, as you have had mercy on them from Egypt up till now.
20And the Lord said, I have had mercy, as you say:
21But truly, as I am living, and as all the earth will be full of the glory of the Lord;
22Because all these men, having seen my glory and the signs which I have done in Egypt and in the waste land, still have put me to the test ten times, and have not given ear to my voice;
23They will not see the land about which I made an oath to their fathers; not one of these by whom I have not been honoured will see it.
24But my servant Caleb, because he had a different spirit in him, and has been true to me with all his heart, him I will take into that land into which he went, and his seed will have it for their heritage.
25Now the Amalekites and the Canaanites are in the valley; tomorrow, turning round, go into the waste land by the way to the Red Sea.
26Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron,
27How long am I to put up with this evil people and their outcries against me? The words which they say against me have come to my ears.
28Say to them, By my life, says the Lord, as certainly as your words have come to my ears, so certainly will I do this to you:
29Your dead bodies will be stretched out in this waste land; and of all your number, all those of twenty years old and over who have been crying out against me,
30Not one will come into the land which I gave my word you would have for your resting-place, but only Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua, the son of Nun.
31And your little ones, whom you said would come into strange hands, I will take in, and they will see the land which you would not have.
32But as for you, your dead bodies will be stretched in this waste land.
33And your children will be wanderers in the waste land for forty years, undergoing punishment for your false ways, till your bodies become dust in the waste land.
34And as you went through the land viewing it for forty days, so for forty years, a year for every day, you will undergo punishment for your wrongdoing, and you will see that I am against you.
35I the Lord have said it, and this I will certainly do to all this evil people who have come together against me: in this waste land destruction will come on them, and death will be their fate.
36And the men whom Moses sent to see the land, and who, by the bad account they gave of the land, were the cause of the outcry the people made against Moses,
37Those same men who said evil of the land, came to their death by disease before the Lord.
38But Joshua, the son of Nun, and Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, of those who went to see the land, were not touched by disease.
39And when Moses put these words before the children of Israel, the people were full of grief.
40And early in the morning they got up and went to the top of the mountain, saying, We are here and we will go up to the place which the Lord said he would give us: for we have done wrong.
41And Moses said, Why are you now acting against the Lord’s order, seeing that no good will come of it?
42Go not up, for the Lord is not with you, and you will be overcome by those who are fighting against you.
43For the Amalekites and the Canaanites are there before you, and you will be put to death by their swords: because you have gone back from the way of the Lord, the Lord will not be with you.
44But they gave no attention to his words and went to the top of the mountain, though Moses and the ark of the Lord’s agreement did not go out of the tent-circle.
45Then the Amalekites came down, and the Canaanites who were living in the hill-country, and overcame them completely, driving them back as far as Hormah.
1All this I took to heart, and my heart saw it all: that the upright and the wise and their works are in the hand of God; and men may not be certain if it will be love or hate; all is to no purpose before them.
2Because to all there is one event, to the upright man and to the evil, to the clean and to the unclean, to him who makes an offering and to him who makes no offering; as is the good so is the sinner; he who takes an oath is as he who has fear of it.
3This is evil in all things which are done under the sun: that there is one fate for all, and the hearts of the sons of men are full of evil; while they have life their hearts are foolish, and after that–to the dead.
4For him who is joined to all the living there is hope; a living dog is better than a dead lion.
5The living are conscious that death will come to them, but the dead are not conscious of anything, and they no longer have a reward, because there is no memory of them.
6Their love and their hate and their envy are now ended; and they have no longer a part for ever in anything which is done under the sun.
7Come, take your bread with joy, and your wine with a glad heart. God has taken pleasure in your works.
8Let your clothing be white at all times, and let not your head be without oil.
9Have joy with the woman of your love all the days of your foolish life which he gives you under the sun. Because that is your part in life and in your work which you do under the sun.
10Whatever comes to your hand to do with all your power, do it because there is no work, or thought, or knowledge, or wisdom in the place of the dead to which you are going.
11And again I saw under the sun that the reward goes not to him who is quick, or the fruits of war to the strong; and there is no bread for the wise, or wealth for men of learning, or respect for those who have knowledge; but time and chance come to all.
12Even man has no knowledge of his time; like fishes taken in an evil net, or like birds taken by deceit, are the sons of men taken in an evil time when it comes suddenly on them.
1For the kingdom of heaven is like the master of a house, who went out early in the morning to get workers into his vine-garden.
2And when he had made an agreement with the workmen for a penny a day, he sent them into his vine-garden.
3And he went out about the third hour, and saw others in the market-place doing nothing;
4And he said to them, Go into the vine-garden with the others, and whatever is right I will give you. And they went to work.
5Again he went out about the sixth and the ninth hour, and did the same.
6And about the eleventh hour he went out and saw others doing nothing; and he says to them, Why are you here all the day doing nothing?
7They say to him, Because no man has given us work. He says to them, Go in with the rest, into the vine-garden.
8And when evening came, the lord of the vine-garden said to his manager, Let the workers come, and give them their payment, from the last to the first.
9And when those men came who had gone to work at the eleventh hour, they were given every man a penny.
10Then those who came first had the idea that they would get more; and they, like the rest, were given a penny.
11And when they got it, they made a protest against the master of the house,
12Saying, These last have done only one hour’s work, and you have made them equal to us, who have undergone the hard work of the day and the burning heat.
13But he in answer said to one of them, Friend, I do you no wrong: did you not make an agreement with me for a penny?
14Take what is yours, and go away; it is my pleasure to give to this last, even as to you.
15Have I not the right to do as seems good to me in my house? or is your eye evil, because I am good?
16So the last will be first, and the first last.